China occupies seven of the world’s top ten ports, and the scale of my country’s ports is the largest in the world
During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, my country's port development has made significant progress, ranking first in the world in terms of scale, effectively playing the role of an important fulcrum of the "Belt and Road" and playing an important role in smoothing the double cycle.
A few days ago, a large cargo ship laden with metal ore, Dafei Perch, entered Qinzhou Port in Beibu Gulf, Guangxi. This cargo ship from Haiphong Port, Vietnam, was sailing on a new international route in Beibu Gulf Port.
So far, the total number of Beibu Gulf Port container routes has reached 52, including 28 foreign trade routes and 19 routes to ASEAN countries, covering major ports in Southeast Asia and Northeast Asia.
Chen Silu, General Manager of Beibu Gulf Port Co., Ltd.: During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, Guangxi Beibu Gulf Port experienced the fastest growth in five years, with a new throughput capacity of more than 80 million tons and an average annual growth of more than 29% in container throughput.
The latest data from the Ministry of Transport show that during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, the scale of my country's ports has continued to expand, with 2,530 coastal ports with berths of 10,000 tons and above. Among the top 10 ports in terms of cargo throughput and container throughput in the world, Chinese ports account for 7 of them. Build collection and distribution roads of more than 1,500 kilometers. The combined transportation volume of containerized iron and water increased by 20% annually, and all coal collection ports in key areas were transported by railway and waterway.
Over the past five years, port production capacity has been increasing, and the construction of smart ports has been speeding up. Unmanned container terminals such as Xiamen Yuanhai, Qingdao Qianwan and Jingtang Port have been successively built.
In particular, the Shanghai Yangshan Deepwater Port Phase IV unmanned container terminal, which was completed and put into operation at the end of 2017, has the largest single-unit scale in the world. During this year’s epidemic, it has taken advantage of automation without requiring a driver and no personnel contact throughout the entire process, thus realizing an inverse operation throughput. The momentum is rising. It is expected to complete 4.18 million TEUs in 2020. It provides a new impetus for Shanghai Port to consolidate its position as the world's number one port in terms of container cargo handling capacity and accelerate its entry into the forefront of the world's shipping centers.
Yang Yanbin, deputy general manager of the production and business department of SIPG: Since 2017, the overall throughput of the group has reached a new level, with an annual throughput of more than 40 million.
During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, China’s ports are expected to complete an investment of 364.4 billion yuan, which has constituted a "reasonable layout, clear hierarchy, and complete functions" port pattern, and has built the Bohai Rim, Yangtze River Delta, Southeast Coast, Pearl River Delta and Southwest Coastal Areas. The five large and relatively concentrated coastal port clusters have formed a comprehensive layout of 8 transportation systems including coal, oil, iron ore, containers, grain, commodity vehicles, land island roll-on-roll and passenger transportation, providing a smooth flow of China’s double cycle Strong new momentum.
Chen Ying, Deputy Director of the Port Management Division of the Water Transport Bureau of the Ministry of Transport: During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, my country’s high-quality development of ports has made significant progress, fully embarking on a journey of world-class port construction focusing on safe, green and smart ports. The major strategy highlights the hard-core power, which has played an important role in creating a new pattern of comprehensive opening up of land-sea internal and external linkages, east-west opening, and unblocked maritime trade channels and international logistics channels.